All DRC Documents

Showing 5 of 21 results

  • Gender and Citizenship at the Grassroots: Assessing the Effect of NGO Initiatives in Social Mobil...

    1052734718-mahmud_etal.2011-gender

    This article assesses the impact that social mobilization/political empowerment initiatives led by NGOs have had on the gender dynamics of every-day expression of citizenship at community level in Kenya and Bangladesh. Dominant discourses on gend...

    Nyamu-Musembi, C & S, Mahmud

    Citizenship DRC Synthesis Paper - Draft, 2011.

    This article assesses the impact that social mobilization/political empowerment initiatives led by NGOs have had on the gender dynamics of every-day expression of citizenship at community level in Kenya and Bangladesh. Dominant discourses on gender and citizenship have tended to focus on structural constraints on women’s exercise of citizenship rights, as manifested in laws, policies and design of public institutions. Without denying the reality of these structural constraints, this article seeks to make visible the role of agency in the construction of citizenship: the micro-level day-to-day expressions of citizenship, the influence of NGO-led social mobilization/political empowerment initiatives in cultivating that agency, and the gender dynamics that are implicated in day-to-day expressions of citizenship. This article builds on earlier writings based on two micro-level studies in Kenya and Banglades
  • Microfinance and Social Mobilisation: Alternative Pathways to Grassroots Democracy?

    1052734613-kabeer_etal.2010-microfinance

    Due to copyright restrictions, we can only share the first three pages of this chapter online. The book can be ordered from Zed Books at www.zedbooks.co.uk/citizenship or purchased at the IDS bookstore.

    Mahmud, S & N, Kabeer

    In VSP Coelho & B von Lieres (eds) Mobilizing for Democracy: Citizen Action and the Politics of Public Participation. London: Zed, 2010.

    Due to copyright restrictions, we can only share the first three pages of this chapter online. The book can be ordered from Zed Books at www.zedbooks.co.uk/citizenship or purchased at the IDS bookstore.
  • Why Do Garment Workers in Bangladesh Fail to Mobilize?

    1052734616-mahmud.2010-why

    Due to copyright restrictions, we can only share the first three pages of this chapter online. The book can be ordered from Zed Books at www.zedbooks.co.uk/citizenship or purchased at the IDS bookstore.

    Mahmud, S

    In L Thompson & C Tapscott (eds) Citizenship and Social Movements: Perspectives from the Global South. London: Zed, 2010.

    Due to copyright restrictions, we can only share the first three pages of this chapter online. The book can be ordered from Zed Books at www.zedbooks.co.uk/citizenship or purchased at the IDS bookstore.
  • NGOs' Strategies and the Challenge of Development and Democracy in Bangladesh

    1052734677-kabeer_etal.2010-ngos

    Bangladesh has come to embody an interesting paradox. On the one hand, it has experienced rising rates of growth, a slow but steady decline in poverty and impressive progress in terms of social development, outperforming some of its richer neighbo...

    Isaza Castro, J G, Mahmud, S & N, Kabeer

    IDS Working Paper 343, 2010.

    Bangladesh has come to embody an interesting paradox. On the one hand, it has experienced rising rates of growth, a slow but steady decline in poverty and impressive progress in terms of social development, outperforming some of its richer neighbours on a number of Millennium Development Goals. On the other hand, it has an abysmal record on governance and was ranked as the world's most corrupt country for five consecutive years by Transparency International. There is an emerging view that the country's extremely active development NGO sector has contributed to some of the more positive achievements. The question that this paper sets out to address is why these organisations have not made an equivalent contribution on the governance front. The paper argues that while Bangladesh is reported to have more NGOs per capita than other developing countries, those organisations have gradually abandoned social mobilising and collective action strategies for a narrower focus on service delivery and microcredit provision. Our research with the members of six organisations that straddle the continuum between microfinance and social mobilisation suggests that the specific developmental strategies of these membership-based groups do indeed have consequences for both development and democracy in the country.
  • The Fabric of Accountability in Bangladesh's Garment Industry

    1052734338-benequista.2009-fabric

    This two-page document summarises research into the Bangladesh garment export sector, showing that a context where companies adhere to codes of conduct is not the same as a culture of accountability where citizens mobilise to hold their employers ...

    Benequista, N

    Backed by Popular Demand: Citizen Actions for Accountability, Citizenship DRC Case Study Series, 2009.

    This two-page document summarises research into the Bangladesh garment export sector, showing that a context where companies adhere to codes of conduct is not the same as a culture of accountability where citizens mobilise to hold their employers and other companies to account.

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